Samsung Provides Early Details of 1.4nm Chip Process

3 min read
Samsung Provides Early Details of 1.4nm Chip Process

Evolution of Microprocessors

In the ever-evolving realm of semiconductor technology, microprocessors have undergone a remarkable transformation. These essential components of modern computing have witnessed significant changes that have reshaped the landscape of digital innovation.

Shrinking Dimensions: The Nanometer Revolution

One of the most notable developments in the microprocessor industry is the size reduction. Modern microprocessors now feature incredibly small parts, measuring only a few nanometers. This nanometer revolution has paved the way for more powerful and efficient chips.

The dominance of TSMC and the Rise of Samsung

In this highly competitive field, Taiwan’s TSMC has asserted its dominance, standing as the leading player in the manufacturing of cutting-edge chips. However, Samsung, the prominent second-placed contender, is poised for a potential breakthrough.

Samsung’s Strategic Roadmap

Jeong Gi-Tae, Vice President of Samsung Foundry, has unveiled a preliminary roadmap that outlines the strategic direction of the company. This roadmap reveals Samsung’s ambitious plans to advance its position in the semiconductor industry.

The 3nm and 4nm Chip Landscape

Samsung’s foundry currently extends its capabilities by offering 5nm (SF5) manufacturing for a variety of chips. While the company can also manufacture 4nm and 3nm chips, the latter seems to be primarily reserved for low-power embedded systems.

Samsung’s SF3 Platform: Unveiling the 3nm Chips

Samsung is gearing up to launch the SF3 platform, which will bring the 3nm chips into the spotlight. However, it’s important to note that the widespread availability of these 3nm Samsung chips may not materialize immediately.

Google’s Potential Adoption of Samsung’s 4nm Technology

Rumors are circulating that Google’s 2024 Tensor G4 might rely on Samsung’s 4nm (SF4) technology, highlighting the industry’s anticipation of Samsung’s capabilities.

A Glimpse into 2025: The SF3P Process and 2nm Chips

Looking ahead to 2025, Samsung’s plans include an evolution of the 3nm process into the SF3P, a more efficient version of the 3nm node. This is when the 2nm (SF2) chips are set to make their debut in Samsung’s foundry lineup.

Gate-All-Around (GAA) Transistors: A Technological Leap

GAA transistors are at the forefront of semiconductor innovation. Major players like TSMC and Intel are also working on adopting GAA technology for their 2nm processes.

The 1.4nm Process Node: SF1.4 Emerges

In 2027, Samsung is set to unlock the 1.4nm process node (SF1.4), a remarkable achievement that promises superior performance. The increased nanosheet density will provide better control over electrical currents and a significant boost in processing speed.

Redefining Transistor Density

With more nanosheets per transistor, these chips will offer enhanced transistor density, a critical factor in microprocessor performance.

Current Control and Speed: The GAA Advantage

Gate-all-around (GAA) technology enhances current control and processing speed, positioning Samsung’s chips for excellence.

Overcoming the Challenges of Current Leakage

Efforts to block current leakage are expected to significantly improve efficiency, a crucial aspect of semiconductor technology.

The Limits of Silicon-Based Processors

At 1.4nm, we are approaching the theoretical limits of silicon-based processors, where each transistor is only three silicon atoms wide.

Packaging Technology: Enhancing Performance

Samsung’s chips often face comparisons with their TSMC counterparts, and differences in packaging technology can affect performance. Innovative packaging technologies are anticipated to address this challenge.

Samsung’s Pursuit of Excellence

The rivalry between Samsung and TSMC promises exciting developments in the semiconductor industry. Both companies are well aware of the obstacles that lie ahead on their path to technological excellence.

A Bright Future for Semiconductor Technology

The competition between these industry giants is expected to drive significant advancements in semiconductor technology in the coming years.


The world of microprocessors is evolving at an astonishing pace. Samsung’s strategic roadmap and technological innovations promise to challenge the dominance of TSMC, heralding a future where semiconductor technology continues to push the boundaries of what’s possible.

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